CAB Full Form Friends, in this article, we’ll look at the full form of the CAB. The Citizenship Amendment Act has sparked outrage all around the country (CAA). On December 11, 2019, the Indian Parliament passed the Citizenship Amendment Act, which was signed by the President on December 12. Violent protests broke out across the country when the CAA was passed, especially in the North-East, West Bengal, and New Delhi. Many protesters believed that the law would strip them of their Indian citizenship, despite the government’s repeated clarifications that the law is for bestowing citizenship, not taking it away. Many individuals in our country lack sufficient information regarding CAA and CAB, as a result of which they participate in riots alongside demonstrators.
CAB Full Form
Citizenship Amendment Bill is the full form of CAB. On Wednesday, 11 December 2019, the Rajya Sabha passed the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, which offers Indian citizenship to non-Muslims from Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. The President will now be asked to sign the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill.
CAB: Citizenship Amendment Bill
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill had 125 votes in favor and 99 votes against. Before the Rajya Sabha voted on the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill Act, there was a six-hour debate. The Indian Citizenship Bill will be discussed for six hours by Rajya Sabha Chairman and Vice President Venkaiah Naidu.
What exactly is CAB stand for?
The Citizenship Amendment Bill is its name. The Citizenship Act of 1955 would be amended by this bill, paving the path for Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian minorities from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan to gain Indian citizenship. Simply put, this measure makes it simpler for non-Muslim refugees from India’s three Muslim-majority surrounding nations to get Indian citizenship.
According to the Citizenship Act of 1955, in order to obtain citizenship via naturalization, the applicant must have resided in India for the previous 12 months. At the same time, it is vital to note that it has been here for 11 of the last 14 years. The 11-year eligibility period has been lowered to six years as a result of the amendment. However, there is a condition attached to it: the candidate must be a member of one of the six religions and three countries listed above.
Who will gain from the CAB legislation?
Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and Parsis who arrived in India from Afghanistan, Pakistan, or Bangladesh before December 31, 2014, are granted citizenship under the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill. This rule protects persons who were forced to seek shelter in India owing to religious persecution. Its goal is to keep these individuals safe from illegal immigration from neighboring countries.
Before seeking Indian citizenship, those adhering to any of these 6 religions had to live in India for at least 11 years, which has recently been lowered to 5 years. Citizenship in India is currently conferred to persons who were born in India or who have lived in India for at least 11 years.
The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, which is listed in the Constitution’s Sixth Schedule, excludes the tribal areas of Tripura, Mizoram, Assam, and Meghalaya. The Act would also not apply to places that are inside the Inner Limit notified under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873. It exempts nearly all of Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland from the Act’s reach.
CAA is essentially a change to which law?
CAA is a modification to the Indian Citizenship Act of 1955. Even before December 2019, this alteration occurred five times. In 1986, 1992, 2003, 2005, and 2015, this Act was updated. All of these modifications avoided using the word religion. The Indian Constitution establishes equality in Article 14 and prohibits discrimination on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth in Article 15. The Indian Parliament has the authority to pass citizenship legislation under Article 11 of the Constitution. According to this article, an Indian MP has the authority to pass laws giving or robbing someone of citizenship.
What is the purpose of the demonstrations and protests?
There has been a debate about giving Hindu, Sikh, Christian, Jain, Buddhist, and Parsi immigrants Indian citizenship under the Citizenship Amendment Act. The Muslims in India will not face any difficulties as a result of this. Currently, there is a widespread misconception that this law is anti-Muslim.
Indian Muslims are being led down the wrong path by fearing that their citizenship may be jeopardized as a result of this rule. All government leaders, including Prime Minister Modi and Home Minister Shah, have stated that the purpose of this law is to grant citizenship to refugees. There is no provision in this for anyone’s citizenship to be taken away.