CCP Full Form – What Is CCP, Definition, Meaning, Uses

CCP Full Form Friends, in this article, we’ll look at the full form of the CCP. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), officially the Communist Party of China (CPC), is the People’s Republic of China’s founding and sole ruling party (PRC) Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao created the CCP in 1921. Mao Zedong joined the Communist Party as a founding member and ascended through the ranks to become its leader and chairman in 1943.

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) won the Chinese Civil War against the Kuomintang under his leadership, and Mao declared the People’s Republic of China in 1949. Since then, the CCP has ruled China as the leader of the United Front coalition, which includes eight other political parties, and has exclusive command of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

Each subsequent CCP leader has contributed his or her theories to the party’s constitution, which describes the party’s ideological beliefs, collectively known as socialism with Chinese characteristics. The CCP has more than 95 million members as of 2021, making it the world’s second-largest political party by membership behind India’s Bharatiya Janata Party.

CCP Full Form 

CCP’s full form is the Chinese Communist Party. The Communist Party of China (CPC), also known as the Communist Party of China (CCP), is the People’s Republic of China’s ruling political party (PRC).

CCP: Chinese Communist Party

CCP Full Form 
CCP Full Form

History

The CCP may be traced back to the 1919 May Fourth Movement, when radical Western doctrines such as Marxism and anarchism gained support among Chinese academics. The CCP was motivated by other factors such as the Bolshevik revolution and Marxist philosophy. Dazhao and Chen Duxiu were among the first to publicly endorse Leninism and the world revolution.

Both saw Russia’s October Revolution as a watershed moment, believing it would usher in a new era for oppressed countries around the world. Cai Hesen described study circles as “the rudiments [of our party].” Several study circles arose during the New Culture Movement, but by 1920, many people were skeptical of their potential to effect change.

According to the CCP’s official narrative of its history, the party was founded on July 1, 1921. However, according to party papers, the party was founded on July 23, 1921, on the first day of the CCP’s first National Congress. The CCP’s first National Congress was held from July 23 to July 31, 1921. The CCP’s organization and authority increased considerably from its beginnings in 1921, when it had only 50 members.

The congress was originally held in a house in Shanghai’s French Concession, but it was moved to a tourist boat on South Lake in Jiaxing, Zhejiang province, after French authorities disrupted the meeting on July 30. The congress drew a dozen delegates, but Li and Chen were unable to attend, so the latter sent a personal representative in his place.

Congress passed resolutions calling for the formation of a communist party as a chapter of the Communist International (Comintern), with Chen as its leader. Chen was dubbed “China’s Lenin” after serving as the Communist Party’s first general secretary.

The Soviets intended to strengthen pro-Soviet forces in the Far East to combat anti-communist countries such as Japan. They attempted but failed to contact the warlord Wu Peifu. The Soviets then approached the Kuomintang (KMT), which was running the Guangzhou government concurrently with Beiyang’s. The Comintern dispatched Mikhail Borodin to Guangzhou on October 6, 1923, and the Soviets built close relations with the KMT.

The CCP’s Central Committee, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, and the Comintern all hoped that the CCP would eventually gain control of the KMT and referred to their opponents as “rightists.” The battle between communists and their opponents was eased by the sun.

After the 4th congress in 1925, the CCP grew from 900 to 2,428 members. Sun Yat-sen is still regarded as one of the movement’s founders, and the CCP claims descent from him because he is seen as a proto-communist, and the economic part of Sun’s doctrine was socialism. “Our Principle of Livelihood is a sort of communism,” Sun said.

The KMT’s left side was dominated by communists, who competed for power with the party’s right-wing factions. When KMT leader Sun Yat-sen died in March 1925, he was followed by Chiang Kai-shek, a right-winger who began to minimize the communists’ position.

Even though he despised the notion of class struggle and the CCP’s assumption of power, Chiang, Sun’s former assistant, was not aggressively anti-communist at the time. Chiang’s control was to be taken away by the communists.

The confrontation between Chiang and the communists grew increasingly intense as he steadily won support from Western countries. Chiang requested that the Kuomintang join the Comintern to prevent the secret expansion of communists within the KMT, whilst Chen Duxiu hoped for a total withdrawal of communists from the KMT.

Both Chiang and the CCP were preparing for war in April 1927. Chiang Kai-shek turned on the communists, who by this time numbered in the tens of thousands across China, following the success of the Northern Expedition to overthrow the warlords. He marched towards Shanghai, a city held by communist militants, despite orders from the KMT government in Wuhan.

Even though the communists hailed Chiang’s arrival, he turned on them and slaughtered 5,000 people with the help of the Green Gang. Chiang’s army then marched on Wuhan, but CCP General Ye Ting and his troops stopped them from capturing the city.

Chiang’s allies also targeted communists; for example, Zhang Zuolin murdered Li Dazhao and 19 other top communists in Beijing. Angered by these incidents, the CCP-backed peasant movement became more aggressive.

In Changsha, communists assassinated renowned scholar Ye Dehui, and in retaliation, KMT general He Jian and his troops massacred hundreds of peasant militiamen. Thousands of communists and sympathizers were slaughtered by nationalist troops in May of that year, with the CCP losing roughly 15,000 of its 25,000 members.

Symbols

The CCP did not have a single official flag standard at the start of its history, instead of allowing individual party committees to imitate the flag of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

On April 28, 1942, the Central Politburo declared the adoption of a single official flag: “The CPC’s flag has a 3:2 length-to-width ratio, with a hammer and sickle in the upper-left corner and no five-pointed star. The Political Bureau permits the General Office to have several standard flags made to order and distributed to all important organs “.

People’s Daily reports that “The normal party flag measures 120 centimeters (cm) long by 80 centimeters (cm) wide. A yellow hammer-and-sickle 30 cm in diameter sits in the upper-left corner (a quarter of the length and width to the border). The white flag sleeve (pole hem) is 6.5 cm in width. The length of the pole hem is not included in the flag’s measurement.

The hammer-and-sickle are instruments of workers and peasants, implying that the Communist Party of China serves the interests of the masses and people; the yellow color denotes brightness.” The flag’s measurements are: “no. 1: 388 cm in length and 192 cm in width; no. 2: 240 cm in length and 160 cm in breadth; no. 3: 192 cm in length and 128 cm in width; no. 4: 144 cm in length and 96 cm in width; no. 5: 96 cm in length and 64 cm in width; no. 6: 96 cm in length and 64 cm in width.”

The CCP General Office released “Regulations on the Production and Use of the CPC Flag and Emblem” on September 21, 1966, stating that the emblem and flag were the party’s official emblems and signs. “The Party emblem and flag are the symbol and sign of the Communist Party of China,” according to Article 53 of the CCP constitution.

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