ECI Full Form Friends, in this article, we’ll look at the full form of the ECI. The Election Commission of India (English: Election Commission of India) is an autonomous and quasi-judicial body established in India to elect representatives from various representative bodies fairly and independently. The Indian Election Commission was created on January 25, 1950.
ECI Full Form
ECI full form is the Election Commission of India. A provision for free and fair elections for the President, Vice President, Lok Sabha, and Vidhan Sabha has been included in Article 324 of the Indian Constitution. The President appoints the Chief Election Commissioner and two other Election Commissioners. The Consolidated Fund of India pays the salaries of the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners.
ECI: Election Commission of India
The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners have a six-year term beginning on the day they take office. By passing a special majority motion passed by both Houses of Parliament, the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners can be removed from office for misbehavior.
Election Commission Functions and Jurisdiction
- The Election Commission of India is responsible for conducting fair elections for the President, Vice President, Lok Sabha, and Legislative Assembly in India.
- Constituency demarcation is achievable based on the census conducted every ten years.
- National and regional political parties are given recognition.
- Political parties are given distinctive election symbols.
- Makes a voter list.
- Makes election preparations and may announce the election’s cancellation.
- A by-election is being held.
- Preparation of a political party code of conduct.
- Voters are given political instruction.
- Provides election petition advice to the government.
Election commissioners are appointed and serve for a set period
The President of India appoints the Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners. The Chief Election Commissioner has a 6-year or 65-year term, whichever comes first, and the other Election Commissioners have a 6-year or 62-year term, whichever comes first. The honor and income of an Election Commissioner are comparable to those of a Supreme Court of India Judge. Parliament can only dismiss the Chief Election Commissioner through impeachment.
Elections to the Legislative Assembly, Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, and President are handled by the Election Commission of India, while elections to Gram Panchayats, Municipalities, Municipal Councils, Tehsil, and Zilla Parishad are handled by the respective State Election Commissions.
Election Commission’s Roles and Responsibilities
- The Election Commission is in charge of supervising, directing, and organizing elections, including those for the President, Vice President, Parliament, and the State Legislative Assembly.
- is in charge of preparing the electoral roll.
- political parties are registered.
- Classification, recognition of political parties as national and state-level parties, and election emblems for parties that are not affiliated with a political party.
- Advising the President/Governor on the disqualification of Members of Parliament (MPs) and Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) (except defection)
- Disqualification for those elected using illegitimate electoral techniques
Election Commission’s Authority
The powers of the Election Commission cannot be regulated by the government, according to the Supreme Court’s decision in Article 324, and are only limited by the constitutional provisions and election methods enacted by Parliament in the capacity to monitor, direct, control, and organize elections. Where the Parliament remains quiet on election law, the Election Commission has limitless power to conduct fair elections, however natural justice, the rule of law, and power should be used appropriately by it.
- The Election Commission can’t break the legislation passed by the legislature, and it can’t act on its own; its judgments are subject to court review.
- The powers of the Election Commission are intended to enhance election laws and should not be used to circumvent legislation enacted via a fair and legitimate process.
- This commission has the authority to set election dates, assign election symbols, and issue instructions for conducting fair elections.
- The Supreme Court also explained its powers, stating that it is the only body that determines election dates and that it is solely its responsibility to organize elections.
- The President and the Governor are also empowered by Article 14, 15 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, to issue election notifications by the Election Commission’s advice.
Information about the Election Commission
- EVMs were initially utilized in various constituencies in 1998. (Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi)
- For the first time in the region, elections were held in Goa using electronic voting machines.
- During the general elections in the parliamentary constituencies in 2004, EVMs were utilized in all of the constituencies.
- A February 2011 announcement increased the election expenditure limit for Lok Sabha candidates from Rs 25 lakh to Rs 40 lakh.
- For Vidhan Sabha candidates, the maximum expenditure limit is Rs. 16 lakhs.