JDU Full Form – What Is JDU, Definition, Meaning, Uses

JDU Full Form Friends, in this article, we’ll look at the full form of the JDU. Many different forms of political parties arose in India after independence, some of which had the status of a national political party. As of February 7, 2020, political parties in India were separated into three groups: National Parties (No. 8), Regional Parties (No. 53), and Unrecognized Parties (No. 2044). One of these political parties, Janata Dal United or Janata Dal United (JDU), is also known as JDU or JDU in short.

JDU has a stronghold in Bihar and Jharkhand, and it is a state-level political party in both Bihar and Arunachal Pradesh. Nitish Kumar, the current Chief Minister of Bihar, is the national president of this political party. On October 30, 2003, the Janata Dal United (JDU) was founded. What is the complete form of JDU, and on this page, we will provide you with detailed information on how to join this political party?

JDU Full Form 

Janata Dal-United” is the full form of the JDU. The JD(U) is an Indian regional political party active mostly in the states of Bihar and Jharkhand. Its political policy is centrist, based on Integral Humanism, Secularism, and Socialism ideals.

JDU: Janata Dal United

JDU Full Form 
JDU Full Form

It is a member of the National Democratic Alliance, which is governed by the BJP (NDA). The ECI has accepted the “arrow” as the Janata Dal (United) electoral emblem. The “arrow” sign is drawn between the green and white flags on the white stripe.

JDU’s History 

In Bihar and Jharkhand, the Janata Dal United (JDU) is a powerful political party. Rashtriya Janata Dal and Janata Dal United are both political offspring of the same family. In the past, Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar worked together in the Janata Dal.

Shortly after Lalu Yadav was elected as Bihar’s chief minister, Nitish and George Fernandes chose a different course. When Lalu Yadav was caught up in the fodder fraud, he founded his own party, the RJD, leaving the Janata Dal in the hands of Sharad Yadav. Janata Dal United was formed as a result of this.

JDU’s history is fascinating, and understanding it requires a little backtracking. This is about a time when the country was in a state of emergency, and the JP movement stood up to it. In addition, the Congress administration led by Indira Gandhi was deposed by a coalition of opposition parties. However, the movement’s workers’ solidarity did not survive long, and the Janata Party progressively collapsed.

Following this, the leaders of the JP movement regrouped in 1989 under the leadership of Vishwanath Pratap Singh and created the Janata Dal. The Janata Dal government was created in 1990 with the help of the BJP; at the time, Sharad Yadav and Nitish Kumar were only participating in the Janata Dal.

The Samata Party is founded.

Nitish Kumar split from Lalu Yadav and created the Samta Party in 1994, shortly after Lalu Yadav became Chief Minister. Lalu Yadav had to resign from his position as Chief Minister after a charge sheet was filed against him in the fodder scam in 1995.

The most essential point to note here is that Lalu quit the Janata Dal in 1997 and created the Rashtriya Janata Dal, while Sharad Yadav was given head of the Janata Dal. Sharad Yadav created Janata Dal United in 1998 by merging Lok Dal and Janata Dal, and in 1999 he defeated Lalu from the Madhepura Lok Sabha constituency, earning him a cabinet berth in the Vajpayee government.

Janata Dal United is a political party that was founded on October 30, 2003. Nitish Kumar joined his Samata Party with Janata Dal United, along with the Lok Shakti of Ramkrishna Hegde, who had been ejected from Janata Dal. Nitish Kumar has been a member of JDU since that time.

JDU’s accomplishments

The BJP and JDU contested the Bihar Legislative Assembly elections together in 2005, and this alliance party received a lot of votes. This coalition won a total of 142 seats, with the JDU taking 88 and the BJP taking 55. As a result, Nitish Kumar was elected Chief Minister of Bihar.

The BJP-JDU combination performed admirably in the 2010 assembly elections, winning 206 seats. The BJP received 91 seats, while the JDU received 115. The RJD was cut to 22, the LJP to three, and the Congress to four seats in other parties.

However, when the BJP decided to run in the 2014 general elections under the leadership of then-Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, the alliance became sour. Meanwhile, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and then-JDU President Sharad Yadav announced their split from the NDA on June 16, 2013, and Sharad Yadav resigned as NDA convener.

Nitish Kumar’s popularity did not dwindle after he left the BJP, and he maintained his majority in the assembly. JDU was also backed by Congress and the CPI. Without the assistance of the BJP, Nitish Kumar continued to manage the government in this manner.

The accord between Nitish and Lalu Yadav

After breaking connections with the BJP, the JDU’s dominance in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections did not last, therefore Nitish resigned as Chief Minister and was replaced by Jitan Ram Manjhi. However, Manjhi’s resignation was sought after ten months, and Nitish Kumar was re-elected. When the opportunity for assembly elections arose towards the end of the year, Nitish fought the election alongside Lalu Yadav and the Grand Alliance.

On all four sides, the Mahagathbandhan made the BJP nervous. According to the agreement, Nitish Kumar was appointed Chief Minister, while Lalu Yadav’s younger son Tejashwi Yadav was appointed Deputy Chief Minister and his elder son Tej Pratap Yadav was appointed to the government as a minister.

Although the partnership broke down after two years, and Nitish Kumar resigned as Chief Minister and left the Grand Alliance in July 2017, Nitish received an offer from the BJP, and thus Nitish Kumar re-formed the government.

How can I become a JDU member?

JDU membership is available both online and in person. You can fill out the membership form online at https://www.janatadalunited.online/OlineMembership.aspx, which is the official website of Janata Dal United. Aside from that, you can join the party by visiting the nearest office in your neighborhood.

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