KSRTC Full Form – What Is KSRTC, Definition, Meaning, Uses

KSRTC Full Form Friends, in this article, we’ll look at the full form of the KSRTC. Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) is a government-owned road transport company in Kerala, India. It is one of the country’s oldest government-run public bus systems. The corporation is split into three zones (South, Central, and North), with its headquarters in Thiruvananthapuram, the state capital.

The daily planned service has expanded from 1,200,000 km (750,000 mi) to 1,422,546 km (883,929 km), with 6,241 buses operating on 6,389 routes. On a daily basis, the firm transports an average of 3.145 million commuters. In 2015, the Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC) was established under the KSRTC to tackle urban transportation issues. It was opened on April 12, 2015, in Thevara.

KSRTC Full Form

KSRTC’s full form is Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation. It is a Karnataka-based state-owned road transport firm. Among India’s state-owned transportation corporations, Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) has the largest fleet of Volvo buses. The Karnataka government owns KSRTC completely.

KSRTC: Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation

KSRTC Full Form
KSRTC Full Form

Kerala and the state of Karnataka have been fighting over the usage of the term KSRTC since 2014. The Central Trade Marks Registry declared the KSRTC acronym, logo, and name ‘Ana Vandi’ to be used exclusively by Kerala as of June 2, 2021, as they filed and began to use in 1965 following the British Raj, but Karnataka did not begin using until 1973. As a result, the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) has warned the Karnataka State Transport Corporation that they will issue a notice for failing to use the abbreviation.

History

State Transport Department of Travancore:

The corporation has a long history that predates Kerala’s creation, making it one of India’s oldest state-run public road transportation providers. To modernize the existing public-transport system, the Travancore administration, led by King Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma, decided to establish the Travancore State Transport Department (TSTD). A committee was established, and it was determined that expert advice was required.

The department began by importing 60 Commer PNF3 chassis from England. They were fitted with Perkins Lynx diesel engines under Salter’s supervision. Department employees built the bus bodies, while Travancore Dewan C. P. Ramaswami Iyer insisted on utilizing local wood. Originally located in Chakai, the body shop (overseen by Salter) was eventually relocated to Pappanamcode. The rest of the buses adopted Salter’s experimental body design.

When the highways were nationalized, most private operators on the Trivandrum-Kanyakumari route had to close, and many experienced drivers, conductors, and inspectors lost their employment. They were recruited by TSTD, and Salter chose 60 candidates from a pool of 81 applicants. As inspectors and conductors, about a hundred individuals with bachelor’s degrees were hired.

On February 20, 1938, Maharaja Sree Chithira Thirunal took the first bus on the Main Road to Kowdiar Square with his family, Col. Goda Varma Raja, and other dignitaries; Salter drove the bus. The event included a fleet of 33 buses and a huge crowd. The first bus service between Trivandrum and Kanyakumari began on February 21, 1938.

There were 23 leather seats on the first buses. The buses featured a center aisle and were entered from the back. The front row had ten first-class seats. Schedules, fares, and stops were made public, and a parcel service was launched, with products delivered by designated agents. Inspectors wore khaki and conductors wore khaki with a white topi. Tickets were issued via machines to conductors. Dodge, Fargo, Bedford, and Chevrolet were among the later bus manufacturers.

Trivandrum-Nagercoil, Nagercoil-Kanyakumari, and Nagercoil-Colachal were the three routes served by the TSTD. With 39 buses, regular service began on February 21, 1938. One chakram was the minimum fare for one mile. The next cheapest rate was one chakram, with first-class seats costing 50% more. Children under the age of three rode for free, and those aged three to fourteen paid half the fee. The first 28 pounds (13 kg) of luggage was free; the second 28–56 pounds (13–25 kg) was four chakrams, and the third 56–112 pounds (25–51 kg) was six chakrams.

In 1939, the Motor Vehicle Act was passed. In 1949, bus service was extended to Cochin, and in 1956, to the Malabar region.

State Road Transport Corporation of Kerala:

Following the passage of the Road Transport Corporation Act in 1950, the Kerala government founded the Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) on March 15, 1965. On April 1, 1965, the Transportation Department became an independent corporation.

There were 661 bus lines and 36 truck routes at the time. The fleet of the corporation included 901 buses, 51 lorries, and 29 other vehicles, with thirty buses and eight lorries being brand new. Ten buses, seven lorries, and one tractor-trailer have been repurposed. The KSRTC was given the KLX registration series. With the KL-15 registration series, KSRTC buses commenced registration at a dedicated RTO in Trivandrum on July 1, 1989.

K. B. Ganesh Kumar became transport minister in 2001, and throughout his brief stint, the company saw positive advancements. KSRTC was the first state to add Volvo buses to their fleet. The buses’ modern design was promoted as high-tech, and the bodywork was outsourced. Sabu Cyril was hired by Kumar to revamp the bus livery. In Trivandrum, low-entry, air-suspension buses were introduced, and minibus service commenced. The adjustments drew passengers, resulting in a profit for the company.

In 2012, the Kerala government issued a notification prohibiting new inter-district bus permits, save for the KSRTC. Despite the expectation that the corporation would take over certain lines, it resulted in a service gap from Kochi to numerous northern regions. Madhu Sivaraman, director of CPPR research and programs, undertook a study on KSRTC-private bus possibilities.

In 2015, the Kerala Urban Road Transport Corporation (KURTC) was established under the KSRTC to tackle urban transportation issues. It was opened on April 12, 2015, in Thevara. KSRTC began its first LNG bus service for regular customers from Thiruvananthapuram to Ernakulam on June 21, 2021. In Kochi, the first commercial LNG bus service was introduced specifically for Petronet personnel.

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