PDS Full Form – What Is PDS, Definition, Meaning, Uses

PDS Full Form Friends, in this article, we’ll look at the full form of the PDS. PDS, or Public Distribution System, is a government-run program in which the government supplies low-cost food staples like wheat, rice, and pulses to low-income families. It is run jointly by the federal government and the state government, with the federal government providing rations and the state government ensuring that rations are distributed to the general public, primarily the poor, through a government shop. The PDS system refers to a network of government stores.

PDS Full Form 

PDS’s full form is “Public Distribution System“. The Public Distribution System (PDS) is a program that distributes food grains to low-income families at subsidized costs. The PDS has been a significant aspect of the government’s policy for managing the country’s food economy over the years. The PDS is jointly administered by the federal and state governments.

PDS: Public Distribution System

PDS Full Form 
PDS Full Form

The Food Corporation of India (FCI) has taken over the acquisition, storage, transportation, and bulk allotment of food grains from the Central Government to the State Governments. The state governments have operational responsibility for allotment within the state, identification of eligible families, issue of ration cards (BPL and APL), and supervising the operation of Fair Price Shops (FPS), among other things. The following are some of the most common items supplied by PDS:

  • Wheat
  • rice
  • Sugar
  • Kerosene

What exactly is PDS?

As previously said, this is a form of system in which the country’s poor and backward class citizens and their families are given low-cost wheat, rice, sugar, pulses, and other foods. A government store provides all of these requirements. The Public Distribution System is the name given to this network of government stores (PDS). The Central Government and the State Governments work together to run the Public Distribution System.

The federal government’s job is to buy food grains, store them, distribute rations to state governments, transport them, and make food grains available in bulk, among other things. The main task of the same state government is to ensure that the food grains provided by the federal government reach the country’s underprivileged population.

The state government ensures that rations reach all of the state’s underprivileged families through numerous ration shops. Apart from that, the state government’s role is to identify needy families and give ration cards to them. The Food Corporation of India is in charge of the Public Distribution System.

Fair Price Shops are the locations where rations are distributed through the Public Distribution System. The ration is sold at a cheap cost in these shops to ration card holders. Kerosene, sugar, rice, lentils, salt, wheat, and other market items are made available at very inexpensive prices in these shops. The network of these government shops has grown significantly in recent years, with approximately 5 lakh government shops in India.

The Public Distribution System’s History and Purpose 

Even though this system was established in 1947, it was suspended for several years. Due to a shortage of food in the early 1960s, this system was quickly reinstated. The government used this program to open ration stores in underserved areas when food supplies were scarce. Later in 1992, the government opened a huge number of government stores. These stores can now be found in practically every neighborhood.

The PDS system’s principal goal is to deliver rations to every person in the country who is impoverished and unable to buy them at market prices at the lowest possible cost.

What is PDS and how does it work?

The government buys paddy, wheat, pulses, and other crops at MSP from farmers, then distributes them to the poor through the public distribution system at a low price through government shops. The central government is responsible for procuring food grains, storing them, and overseeing transportation. The grain is then divided among several state governments. Where the state government performs the task on its initiative.

The state government chooses cottars by issuing licenses to those who own government ration shops and live in the same area. The state government sets all of Kodaro’s criteria.

Public Distribution System (PDS) Drawbacks 

There is no doubt that the government’s scheme is very useful to the poor; as a result of this scheme, the poor people’s situation has greatly improved, and the scheme has been expanded to an increasing number of residents. Trying to make contact. Some money animals, on the other hand, keep an eye on the food grains provided by the government and engage in corruption there.

The majority of the rations in this system are of poor quality. Because, to fill their wallets, certain money animals add low-quality grains into the government’s high-quality allotment. Furthermore, poor-quality grains are distributed to the people.

Village chiefs are mostly responsible for this form of corruption in rural regions, as they provide ration cards to those who are not even below the poverty level in the hopes of gaining votes. It becomes a question of strict action in such a circumstance, and you can file a complaint with the District Collector directly.

This is the most serious flaw in the PDS, and it is one to which the government should pay special attention because if it continues in this manner, many poor people would be denied access to it.

The Public Distribution System is undergoing reforms

Many committees have also been formed to bring modifications to the PDS system, as a result of which the system has improved. However, some states are unwilling to implement these reforms; they continue to operate in the old manner and have made no adjustments.

Because yellow-colored vehicles are utilized to get the ratio in this model, which has GPS installed, the PDS model of Chhattisgarh is considered to be a much more advanced model in today’s time. If the vehicle comes to a halt in the middle of the road while delivering the items, the same information is immediately received. The PDS model of Chhattisgarh should be adopted by all states, particularly Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand.

The Wadhwa Committee has also identified numerous flaws in the PDS system and has made numerous recommendations to address those flaws. If the government does not improve this system significantly from now on, it will eventually become entirely corrupt.

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